JOURNAL   Christianity & Literature is a scholarly journal devoted to the exploration of how literature engages Christian thought, experience, and practice. The journal presupposes no particular theological orientation but respects an orthodox understanding of Christianity as a historically defined religious faith. Contributions appropriate for submission should demonstrate a keen awareness of the author's own critical assumptions in addressing significant issues of literary history, interpretation, and theory.

A sample special issue of Christianity & Literature is available without a subscription on Project MUSE for a limited time here.



“James Baldwin: then and now” 

Guest Editors: Jennifer McFarlane-Harris (Seattle Pacific University), Peter Kerry Powers (Messiah University) 


James Baldwin’s presence in American culture and political history follows a trajectory that is perhaps unique in American letters, being the signature literary voice for two very different cultural moments: the Civil Rights movement of the 1950s and 60s and then—after a period of relative quiet—being taken up again six decades later as a prophetic precursor and guiding spirit for the larger Black Lives Matter movement.  Baldwin’s continuing relevance for our discourse and disputation about race, nationhood, masculinity and sexuality is now all but taken for granted.  His voice helps us navigate the thicket of cultural politics as we seek a world that is more just and more free than the one in which we live. 

Baldwin’s work was never far from the language, thought, and practices of Black Christianity.  If, as some have said, Baldwin left the church, it is also true that the church never left Baldwin: its conceptions of love, truth-telling, confession, and mercy are never far from his epistemologies. Even Baldwin’s argument with Christianity is carried out through the identifiable rhythms, cadences, and rhetoric of what Josef Sorett calls “Afro-Protestantism.” Ultimately, Baldwin’s insistence on social justice and liberation is informed by a radical critique of structures of oppression and the workings of power, coupled with images of redemption such as “the welcome table.” As a religiously informed thinker and writer, Baldwin decries the violence of humanity while celebrating the sacredness of our human agency, bodies, and desires.

This special issue of Christianity & Literature calls for submissions that examine Baldwin’s life and work in light of his lifelong engagement (and argument) with the principles and practices of the Christianity he inherited. Essays that take up any of the following issues are encouraged:  

  • Baldwin and Christianity now—esp. changes in Baldwin’s reputation over the past few decades
  • Baldwin as cultural icon: figure and symbol
  • Baldwin as public intellectual, activist, social historian, and cultural theorist
  • Genre criticism—Baldwin as essayist, novelist, playwright, etc.
  • Baldwin and antecedents—inquiry and imagination re: Black literary and theological traditions
  • Baldwin, sexuality (desires, acts, practices; histories, activism), constructions of gender, and religious experience or sacred traditions
  • Baldwin, Christian faith, and political action or accommodation
  • Baldwin, Christianity, and African American secularism or atheism
  • Baldwin, Critical Race Theory and the social construction of race
  • Baldwin and past and present political conflicts over teaching American history (e.g., The 1619 Project, chattel slavery, national identity)
  • I Am Not Your Negro (2016 film, dir. Raoul Peck)
  • Any other issue re: Baldwin and Christianity


Deadline:  Abstract (300-500 words) due to Peter Powers ( by April 1, 2023.  Drafts of accepted essays (6000-9000 words) will be due August 1, 2023. All essays should be formatted according to the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition.

Inquiries:  Direct inquiries about the special issue to either Peter Powers ( or Jennifer McFarlane-Harris (




To subscribe to Christianity & Literature please go to the journal's homepage at Johns Hopkins University Press Journals here.

Christianity & Literature is published quarterly in March, June, September, and December of each year. 

Subscribers receive print copies of four issues in each volume and online access through Project MUSE.

Individual subscriptions include membership in the Conference on Christianity and Literature (CCL).

Current rates for an individual membership/subscription in the Conference on Christianity and Literature:

 1 year at $48

 2 years at $86.40

 1 year student membership $25.00

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A searchable database of the journal from Volume 59 (2009) to the current issue is available on Project MUSE here.

A searchable database of the journal from Volume 1 to Volume 68 (January 1950 - September 2019) is available at SAGE Journals here.  



Mark Eaton, Azusa Pacific University, USA

Associate Editors
Matthew J. Smith, Hildegard College, USA
Caleb D. Spencer, Azusa Pacific University, USA

Book Review Editor
Philip Mitchell, Dallas Baptist University, USA

Poetry Editor
Peter Cooley, Tulane University, USA

Managing Editor
Katy Wright-Bushman

Editorial Advisory Board

Ann W. Astell, University of Notre Dame, USA

Lori Branch, University of Iowa, USA

Paul Contino, Pepperdine University, USA

John D. Cox, Hope College, USA

Christopher Douglas, University of Victoria, Canada

Lori Ann Ferrell, Claremont Graduate University, USA

Kevin Hart, University of Virginia, USA

David D. Hall, Harvard Divinity School, USA

Peter S. Hawkins, Yale University, USA

Colin Jager, Rutgers University, USA

David Lyle Jeffery, Baylor University, USA

Janet Larson, Rutgers University, Newark, USA

Julia Reinhart Lupton, University of California, Irvine, USA

Susannah Monta, University of Notre Dame, USA

Maire Mullins, Pepperdine University, USA



Christianity & Literature is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal. Published quarterly in March, June, September, and December, each issue contains articles, book reviews, and poems. Each submission is carefully evaluated by the editors. If the submission is deemed worthy of peer review, it is then sent to external reviewers in an anonymous, double-blind peer-review process. External reviewers are selected on the basis of their expertise in the fields or subject areas of each submission. The editors consider a submission only with the understanding that it has not been concurrently submitted elsewhere. Christianity & Literature is committed to a reasonable timeline for peer review. We expect to reach a decision on each submission within three to four months. In the case of unavoidable delays, the editors will attempt to communicate with authors.

Articles/Essay Submissions

Articles must be submitted electronically to ScholarOne Manuscripts, the online peer-review system used by Christianity & Literature.

Please submit your manuscript here or paste the following url address into your browser:

All submissions must be formatted for blind peer review and should include:
• a title page with the author’s name, email, and mailing address.
• a 100-word abstract and a list of suggested keywords to accompany the essay: 3-5 is appropriate.
• a short biographical note with information about your position, research, and publications.
• the essay, with title on first page, and page numbers on all following pages. There should be no author identification in the body of the essay.

All articles submitted for publication should conform to the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition, Notes only. By Notes only, we mean that you should include endnotes with full bibliographic information, but you do not also need to include a bibliography in addition to endnotes.

Articles of fewer than 4,000 or more than 9,000 words, including notes, are not ordinarily considered, unless they are commissioned for a special issue or of exceptional merit. Submissions should comply with accepted guidelines for nonsexist usage.

Information about the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition, Notes only, is available here.

A Chicago Style Citation Quick Guide is also available here.


Inquiries can be made to

Mark Eaton, Editor
Christianity & Literature
Department of English
Azusa Pacific University
901 E. Alosta Ave.
Azusa, CA 91702-7000


The poetry editor looks for poems that are clear and surprising. They should have a compelling sense of voice, formal sophistication (though not necessarily rhyme and meter), and the ability to reveal the spiritual through concrete images.

Only hard copies of poetry submissions are accepted. Submissions should be sent to: 

Peter Cooley, Poetry Editor
Christianity & Literature
Tulane University
Department of English, Norman Mayer 122
New Orleans, LA 70118

Please be sure to include all relevant contact information along with the poem or poems: name, address, and especially your email. Because of the volume of poetry received, submissions will not be acknowledged or returned unless they are accompanied by an SASE with sufficient return postage.


Book Reviews

The editors assign book reviews by invitation only. If you would like to suggest a book for review or offer to write a book review, please write to Philip Mitchell at If you are an author or publisher, please send books for review to:

Philip Mitchell, Book Review Editor
Christianity & Literature
Collins Learning Center 222
Dallas Baptist University
3000 Mountain Creek Parkway
Dallas, TX 25211



Read excerpts from the book, Imago Dei, featuring poetry from 60 years of Christianity & Literature.



Christianity & Literature Volume 71, Issue 2 (June 2022) 

Special Issue: Marilynne Robinson after Jack

Guest Editors: Abram Van Engen, Washington University, and Caleb D. Spencer, Azusa Pacific University

Caleb D. Spencer, Azusa Pacific University

“Introduction: Marilynne Robinson after Jack


  1. Christopher Leise, Whitman College

“Marilynne Robinson’s ‘Long Puritanism’ and Forms of Structural Racism”

  1. Abram Van Engen, Washington University

“Della’s Rage: Race and Religion in Marilynne Robinson’s Jack”

  1. Christopher Douglas, University of Victoria

“Christian White Supremacy in Marilynne Robinson’s Gilead novels”

  1. Patricia Brown, Azusa Pacific University

“What’s Love Got To Do With It?: Christianity, Africanism, and Privilege in Marilynne Robinson’s Jack”

  1. Ray Horton, Murray State University

“Seeing in ‘the darkness, visible’: White Supremacy and Original Sin in Marilynne Robinson’s Jack”

  1. James K.A. Smith, Calvin University

“Making the Truth: Fiction as Theology in Marilynne Robinson’s Jack”

  1. Marilynne Robinson, Caleb D. Spencer, and Abram Van Engen

“Interview: Robinson on Robinson After Jack


Leslie Shiel, "Sisters of the Visitation"

Book Reviews

  1. Joey Jekel, Founders Classical Academy of Frisco

Cormac McCarthy in Context. Edited by Stephen Frye. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020. ISBN 978-1-108-48883-9. Pp. xxiv + 386. $125.00.

  1. Casie Dodd, University of St. Thomas, Houston

The Selected Letters of John Berryman, Edited by Philip Coleman and Calista McRae. Cambridge, Massachusetts, and London, England: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2020. ISBN 978-0-674-97625-2. Pp. 726. $39.95.

  1. Rachel B. Griffis, Texas A&M International University

Marilynne Robinson, Theologian of the Ordinary. By Andrew Cunning. New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2021. ISBN 978-1-5013-5899-9. Pp. viii + 197. $77.00.

  1. Drew Santa, Carnegie Mellon University

Beyond the Story: American Literary Fiction and the Limits of Materialism. By Christina Bieber Lake. Notre Dame: The University of Notre Dame Press, 2019. ISBN978-0-268-10625-6 (Hardback). Pp. 212. $45.00.

  1. Hannah Rogers, University of Dallas

The Decline of the Novel. By Joseph Bottum. South Bend: St. Augustine’s Press, 2019. ISBN 978-1-58731-198-7. Pp. 153. $25.00.

  1. Makayla B. Jenkins, Louisiana State University

Missionary Cosmopolitanism in Nineteenth-Century British Literature. By Winter Jade Werner. Columbus: The Ohio State University Press, 2020. ISBN 978-0-8142-1426-8. Pp. vii + 210.

  1. Christopher Flavin, Northeastern State University

God’s Patients: Chaucer, Agency, and the Nature of Laws. By John Bugbee. South Bend: Notre Dame University Press, 2019. ISBN 978-0-268-10445-0. Pp. xxii+478. $55.00.

Christianity & Literature Volume 71, Issue 1 (March 2022) 


  1. Molly Porter, University of Washington

“’A Curious Pattern Like a Tree’: Edenic Death and Life in Virginia Woolf’s Mrs. Dalloway

  1. Annesley Anderson, independent scholar

“Modernism’s Missing Myth: A Reception History of Graham Greene’s The Power and the Glory

  1. Sean Benson, University of Mary Hardin-Baylor

“Salvation, Doom, and Romans 8 in Alan Paton’s Too Late the Phalarope

  1. Timothy R. Vande Brake, Roberts Wesleyan College

“Wole Soyinka's Christian Moment: 1958-1965”

  1. Martin Brick, Ohio Dominican University

“It Skips a Generation: Spirituality in David Foster Wallace and James Joyce”

  1. Robert Don Adams, Florida Atlantic University

“Patricia Highsmith’s Surprising Knight of Faith”


Bonnie Thurston, “Something Might Be”

Book Reviews

  1. M. Moore, The Fellowship of Ailbe, Williston, VT

Abundance: New & Selected Poems. By Andrew Lansdown. Eugene: Cascade Books, 2020. ISBN 978-1-7252-8457-9. Pp. xvi+225. $25.00.

  1. Leslie Clinton, independent scholar

Litany of Flights. By Laura Reece Hogan. Brewster, MA: Paraclete Press, 2020. ISBN 978-1-64060-610-4. Pp. 83. $20.00.

  1. Kimberly D. Arnold, Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary

The Hymnal: A Reading History. By Christopher N. Phillips. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2018. ISBN 1-4214-2592-0. Pp. xv + 252. $35.

  1. Monica Weis, SSJ, Nazareth College

Saint Mary of Egypt: A Modern Verse Life and Interpretation. By Bonnie B. Thurston. Collegeville MN: Liturgical Press, 2021. ISBN 798-0-87907-116-5. Pp. vii + 120. $15.95.

  1. Anna Genneken, Collin College

The Prodigal Son in English and American Literature: Five Hundred Years of Literary Homecomings. By Alison M. Jack. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019. ISBN 978-0-19-881729-1. Pp. 177. $82.00.

  1. Angelica Duran, Purdue University

Literature and Religion: A Dialogue between China and the West. By David Jaspar and Ou Gaung-an. Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publications, 2020. ISBN 978-1532652189 . Pp. xi + 186.  $24.00.

  1. Peter Spaulding, Marquette University

Ascent: Philosophy and Paradise Lost. By Tzachi Zamir. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. ISBN 978-0190695088. Pp. x + 216. $86.55.


Christianity & Literature Volume 70, Issue 4 (December 2021) 


  1. Jonathan Cook, independent scholar

Moby Dick and Twenty-First Century Theodicy

  1. Joshua King, Baylor University

Revelatory Beasts: Christina Rossetti on the Apocalypse and Creation's Worship

  1. Martin Holmes, University of Otago

Christianity as a Moral Force in the Fiction of John A. Lee

  1. Janice Thompson, King's College

    Challenging Interpretations of Disability and Incarnation in Vassar Miller's Poetry of Connection

  2. Christina Lambert, Baylor University

"beside this corrupt and holy stream": Sacramental Water in Wendell Berry's Jayber Crow 


Mischa Willett, "The Unit of Wine is the Cup” 

Book Reviews

  1. Jodi Grimes, Dallas Baptist University

Undoing Babel: The Tower of Babel in Anglo-Saxon Literature. By Tristan Major. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2018. ISBN 978-1-4875-0054-2. Pp. ix + 289. $54.

  1. Luke Ferretter, Baylor University

Provincializing the Bible: Faulkner and Postsecular American Literature. By Norman W. Jones. New York and London: Routledge, 2018. ISBN 978-1-138-50212-3. Pp. 169. $160 (cloth). ISBN 978-0-367-66716-0. $49.95 (paper).

The Bible in the American Short Story. Lesleigh Cushing Stahlberg and Peter S. Hawkins. London and New York: Bloomsbury, 2018. ISBN 978-1-4742-3716-1. Pp. xvii + 234. $115.00 (cloth). ISBN 978-1-3501-1161-5. $40.95 (paper).

  1. Christine Flanagan, University of the Sciences

Reading Flannery O’Connor in Spain: From Andalusia to Andalucía. Edited by Mark Bosco, S. J. and Beatriz Valverde. Catholic University Press of America, 2020. ISBN 978-0813233178. Pp. 218. $39.95.

  1. Laura Reece Hogan, independent scholar

Flying Yellow: New and Selected Poems. By Suzanne Underwood Rhodes. Brewster, MA: Paraclete Press, 2021. ISBN 978-1640604025. Pp. 112. $19.00.

  1. Alexander J.B. Hampton, University of Toronto

Peter Cheyne, Coleridge’s Contemplative Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020. pp. xv, + 400.

  1. Samuel Hval, Eastern Washington University

Touching this Leviathan. By Peter Wayne Moe. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University Press, 2021. ISBN-13  978-0870713071. Pp. vii + 154. $19.65.

  1. John J. Han, Missouri Baptist University

Delta Tears: Poems.  By Philip C. Kolin.  Charlotte, NC: Main Street Rag, 2020.  ISBN: 978-1-59948-841-7. Pp. 92, $15.00. 

  1. Brent Little, Sacred Heart University

Between Form and Faith: Graham Greene and the Catholic Novel. By Martyn Sampson. New York: Fordham University Press, 2021. ISBN: 9780823294664 (hardcover); 9780823294671 (paperback); 9780823294688 (eBook). Pp. 265. $125.00 (hardcover); $35.00 (paperback); $34.99 (eBook).

Christianity & Literature Volume 70, Issue 3 (September 2021)

Special Issue: The Future of Christianity and Literature in Higher Education

Matthew J. Smith, “Introduction: The Future of Christianity and Literature in Higher Education”


Part 1. Scholars at Confessional Institutions

  1. Karen Lee, Wheaton College

“Poetry as Vocation in a Season of Crisis: The Future of Literary Studies in Christian Higher Education”

  1. Jason Crawford, Union University

“Sabbath Reading”

  1. Chris Noble, Azusa Pacific University

“Virtue in the Virtual”

  1. Ralph C. Wood, Baylor University

“A World Grown Strange: A Summons to Teachers of Literature”

  1. Mischa Willett, Seattle Pacific University

“’Some Work of Noble Note’: Changes and Chances in Literary Pedagogy”

  1. Karen Swallow Prior, Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary

“Love Language: Toward a Re-Ordering”

  1. Jessica Hooten Wilson, University of Dallas
    “Three Steps to Rebrand ‘English’ as Christianity, Literature & Writing Departments”
  2. Joshua Hren, University of Saint Thomas, Houston

“’Living on the Fat of the Faith’: On Founding an MFA at the University of Saint Thomas”

Part 2. Scholars at Non-Confessional Institutions

  1. David Aers and Thomas Pfau, Duke University

“Exploring Christian Literature in the Contemporary and Secular University”

  1. Patrick Gray, University of Durham
    “Civilization for Know-Nothings: Liberal Arts After the Fall of Liberalism”
  2. Thomas F. Haddox, University of Tennessee Knoxville

“’At the Present Time’: Christian Literary Scholars in the Last Days of Liberalism”

  1. Claudia Stokes, Trinity University, San Antonio

“Exegesis in the Age of Extremism”

  1. Jaime Goodrich, Wayne State University

“Milton in the Age of the ‘Nones’: Decentering Christianity in Paradise Lost

  1. Christopher Hodgkins, University of North Carolina, Greensboro

“The Imagination of Their Hearts: The Coming Apocalypse in Literary Studies”

  1. Leslie Wingard, University of Wooster
    “Teaching African American Religion, Literature, and Visual Culture at Three Liberal Arts Colleges”


Josiah A.R. Cox, "After Emmaus”

Jack Stuart, “The Local Saint”

Book Reviews

  1. Jesse Russell, Georgia Southwestern State University

Spenser’s Heavenly Elizabeth: Providential History in The Faerie Queene. By Donald Stump. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019. Pp. 337. $89.99.

  1. Octavian Gabor, Methodist College

Dostoevsky’s Incarnational Realism: Finding Christ among the Karamazovs. By Paul J. Contino. Eugene: Cascade Books, 2020. ISBN 978-1-7252-5074-1. Pp. xii + 322. $30.00.

  1. Landon B. Loftin, independent scholar

After Humanity: A Guide to C.S. Lewis’s The Abolition of Man. By Michael Ward. Park Ridge: Word on Fire Academic, 2021. ISBN 978-1-943243-77-8. Pp. 253. $24.95.

  1. M. Moore, The Fellowship of Ailbe, Williston, VT

The Colosseum Critical Introduction to Dana Gioia. By Matthew Brennan. Steubenville: Franciscan University Press, 2020. ISBN 978-1-7339-8895-7. Pp. ix +107. $12.00.

Conversations with Dana Gioia. By John Zheng, ed. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2021. ISBN 978-1-4968-3204-7. Pp. xxviii + 251. $25.00.

  1. Sara Judy, University of Notre Dame

Prophecy in a Secular Age: An Introduction. Edited by David True. Eugene, Oregon: Pickwick Publications, 2021. ISBN 978-1-5326-6925-5. Pp. vii + 138. $36.00.